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Horicon Marsh Historical Marker
of sign - 4 miles east of Waupun on Highway 49 in Fond du Lac
taken - July 2008
Marsh, an area of 31,653 acres, was scoured out by the Wisconsin
glacier, at least 10,000 years ago. Gradually the upper
River made deposits which slowed its current and spread its waters
over the marshland. The Marsh became a haunt of the
Indians whose mounds remain. To promote lumbering, transportation,
and agriculture white pioneers built a dam in 1846.
Lake, covering 51 square miles, became famous for hunting and
fishing. The dam was removed in 1869, restoring the
which was subjected to various development schemes that changed its
character. Climaxing a twenty year struggle by
Horicon National Wild-Life Refuge was established July 16, 1941. The
State controls the south 10,857 acres, the
government, the north 20,796. A wide range of wild fowl, many
varieties of small birds, and numerous fur-bearing animals
the population of Horicon Marsh.
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