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National Park - The Nez Perce Campaign 1877
of sign - roadside near the Fountain Platt Drive at Nez Perce Creek in Yellowstone National Park
taken June 2008
Nez Perce Campaign 1877
White men desired the homeland of these Indians in the Kamiah and
Wallowa Valleys of Idaho and Oregon. Successive treaties
Nez Perce became farmers and stockmen. Others preferred a
freer existence and would not sign treaties or occupy
Under Chief Joseph Whitebird Looking Glass. Toohoolhoolzote
and Hahtalekin they fled from General O.O.
pursuit intensified after brooding young warriors killed settlers
who had previously wronged them.
the early morning of July 17 an advance scouting party of Captain
Perry's command fired upon an Indian truce party decisively
The Chiefs led their people towards sanctuary in Canada. Their
circuitous route to avoid capture covered 1800 miles.
troops were in the field against them and they fought with 2000 of
them in four battles and six skirmishes.
campaign ended on October 5. Chief Joseph led his forlorn
people from the ravines and foxholes of Bear Paw Battlefield
a five day siege and surrendered to Colonel Miles and General
on the sign
addition to the text the sign features a map of the area noting the various
battles and the number of casualties.
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