PointofInterestRoadSigns.com - Yellowstone National Park - The Nez Perce Campaign 1877


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Yellowstone National Park - The Nez Perce Campaign 1877


Location of sign - roadside near the Fountain Platt Drive at Nez Perce Creek in Yellowstone National Park


Photo taken June 2008

Captive Tourist, The Nez Perce Encounter  


Text of sign:


The Nez Perce Campaign 1877

White men desired the homeland of these Indians in the Kamiah and Wallowa Valleys of Idaho and Oregon.  Successive treaties 

established ever-shrinking reservations.  


Some Nez Perce became farmers and stockmen.  Others preferred a freer existence and would not sign treaties or occupy

reservations.  Under Chief Joseph Whitebird Looking Glass.  Toohoolhoolzote and Hahtalekin they fled from General O.O. 

Howards Troops.


Military pursuit intensified after brooding young warriors killed settlers who had previously wronged them.


In the early morning of July 17 an advance scouting party of Captain Perry's command fired upon an Indian truce party decisively 

defeated Perry's command.

The Chiefs led their people towards sanctuary in Canada.  Their circuitous route to avoid capture covered 1800 miles.  About 

5000 troops were in the field against them and they fought with 2000 of them in four battles and six skirmishes.


The campaign ended on October 5.  Chief Joseph led his forlorn people from the ravines and foxholes of Bear Paw Battlefield

after a five day siege and surrendered to Colonel Miles and General Howard.



Graphics on the sign


In addition to the text the sign features a map of the area noting the various battles and the number of casualties.


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